Permanent Moon Base Being Planned | Out Of This World Weekly

53 years ago, Russia sent the first human made object to the moon. America followed with the first manned moon landings between 1969 and 1972. Since the 1970’s there has been much talk about returning to the moon and there have been many probes studying the moon from orbit but no humans have returned. Now Russia wants to team up with the U.S. and Europe to send people back to the moon. Not just for a visit, but to man a permanent base on the moon. They are all also looking at plans for a lunar orbit space station as well. The U.S. and Europe are both willing and eager to start a permanent presence on or around the Moon, but haven’t been able to secure the funding on their own. Perhaps it’s going to take a multi-national approach before we are able to keep men on the Moon.

Why the renewed interest in the Moon? It’s all part of the plan to put a human on Mars. Launching spacecraft from the Moon’s gravity (1/6th of Earth) allows for bigger spacecraft to be sent to Mars. Large water reserves have already been found in craters on the Moon. This water can be broken down into Hydrogen and Oxygen and used to re-fuel spacecraft. It is thought that either the Moon or an Asteroid will be needed to test long range spacecraft and technologies to make the flight to Mars possible. Moon exploration would help astronauts learn to live and work on other planets, a skill that has not been used by humans for 40 years. If we really want to establish bases on other planets, we should really test out that technology in our own back yard. Not only are the costs lower, but there is a chance that in case of emergency, astronauts could back it back home safely.

Most likely a Moon base would be found at one of the Moon’s poles because that’s where the water deposits are located and water is possibly the most essential resource needed. Solar power could provide for all the base power needed, as there are spots on the Moon that receive sunlight almost constantly as the Moon rotates. NASA has also been considering nuclear power for a Moon base. Radiation is always problematic in space, but there are craters on the Moon that never receive sunlight or deadly radiation from the Sun and these are the same craters in which large amounts of water has been found. For the last 40 years, scientists have been thinking up the best places and ways to survive on the Moon and many proposals and projects have been reviewed and evaluated. It may finally be the time to put all of this knowledge into practice.

The Chinese want to send men to the Moon and they have set the date of 2024 for China’s first Moonwalk. They are already sending spacecraft to study the Moon in preparation of this event. The Chinese also seem to think that it’s necessary to explore the Moon before heading off to Mars. This is similar to the race to the Moon that occurred between the U.S. and Russia in the late 1960’s. Russia would like the prestige of finally going to the Moon, but they have not had the best record of launching spacecraft within the past few years, including the failed Phobos-Grunt mission most recently. America is focused on developing the long-range spacecraft to launch payloads to the Moon and Mars, but aren’t building rockets to make a Moon base and may not complete the rockets in time to compete with the Chinese. Europe has technology and funding to support a Moon base, yet lack experience in building large structures in outer space. We’ll have to wait and see if this coalition of countries can come together and put a base on the Moon. It’s still in it’s planning stages but a permanent Moon base is something that all space faring nations have been dreaming of for the last 40 years.

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