The Cosmic Microwave Background radiation (CMB) was given off when the universe was only 379,000 years old and can be seen coming from all directions in the sky. Study of the CMB allows us to look back in time to that era to determine the characteristics of that long past universe. This study has allowed us to determine such things as the age of the universe since the big bang, amounts of Matter, Dark Matter, and Dark Energy, temperature of the early universe, and variations of density of matter in the universe. The ESA’s Planck mission expands on the previous COBE and WMAP missions with an increased sensitivity and thus greater resolution picture of the early universe. While the new data isn’t groundbreaking, it does confirm and refine previous estimates with a higher degree of precision that was not available until now and maybe that is the most interesting news – that we have been on the right track all along.
other universes are interacting with our own, causing matter and energy to either surge in or out of our own universe – causing an imbalance. This was seen in the WMAP image of the universe but is even more prominent as a “Blue Spot” that can be seen at the lower right of the image. Whatever is causing the variation may be the foundation for a new understanding of our universe or even the multiverse and the forces behind how it works that may extend all the way back to when the universe was very young. With implications for the understanding of vast amounts of time and space it may not be long before yet another even more accurate probe to study the CMB will be launched into space.